6eb64 2i9dh k4ssr f6fz5 khi5t 5he69 k3dnt 7a56e bf7t3 k4ttn i72z2 en7kf 727aa r7bh4 fi9d6 2rzf8 9s62d s6sne 3h5zh 6ae7i 8dy7f Have you experienced weight gain? |

Have you experienced weight gain?

2022.01.21 23:37 Odango-Atama Have you experienced weight gain?

My psych prescribed me this and I started it yesterday - 300mg twice a day. I’m seeing a LOT of people say they’ve experienced weight gain with it. I was on olanzapine for over a year and gained 30 lbs so I am desperate to not have that happen again. I have BP2 and I’m also on 300mg of Lamictal now.
I know people say gabapentin makes you more hungry, but do you gain weight even if you keep your appetite in check?
Thank you in advance!!
submitted by Odango-Atama to gabapentin [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 prankerNA Night Lord, Shadower, and Dual Blade Sprites

Night Lord, Shadower, and Dual Blade Sprites submitted by prankerNA to Maplestory [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 xtreme0ninja Does auto-completing Monkey Madness in the league grant access to Daero's training?

Auto-completing quests doesn't give experience rewards, but MM's experience reward comes in the form of Daero's training after the quest is completed. If you auto complete the quest, do you still get access to that training, or is that counted as part of the quest rewards that you miss out on by skipping?
submitted by xtreme0ninja to 2007scape [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 probebeta Dogecoin Drops to Lowest Price in Nine Months as Crypto Market Sinks

Dogecoin Drops to Lowest Price in Nine Months as Crypto Market Sinks submitted by probebeta to DogeNews [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 George_CMS Kenna Matta (@kennamatta)

Kenna Matta (@kennamatta) submitted by George_CMS to inked_babes [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 thehutslut callouts

my store has been brutal with the FE callouts it's crazy. the past 3 days it's been 3 cashiers from 1pm-10pm... (one in each section). is it like this for any other stores??? im getting drained.
submitted by thehutslut to Lowes [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 sevensevenheaven Drew ranboo on mspaint

Drew ranboo on mspaint submitted by sevensevenheaven to dreamsmp [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 Somesayihaveabigcock What would you do if you walked in on this?

What would you do if you walked in on this? submitted by Somesayihaveabigcock to VlinesandAbs [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 DN665 Best th11 attack?

So I’m a th11 what is the best attack for me to do agaisnt other th11s but mainly th12s? I’m looking to get 3 stars as I’m trophy pushing.
submitted by DN665 to ClashOfClans [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 ConsequenceAlone9480 26 [F4A] We learn something new everyday.

Hi! Kumusta? I hope you're doing well. If hindi man, ipagdadasal ko kung ano ang makakabuti para sayo. Anyway, nandito lang naman ako para makipag-usap and mag build ng connection sa mga tao na may similarities sa mga adhikain ko sa buhay na gusto ko makamit ngayong taon (or ASAP lol nagmamadali yarn?! 1/2 charot!)
If your goals include fitness, investing (any risk appetite) and self-development, let's connect! Usap din tayo if na-achieve mo na goals mo, sharing is caring! It's my pleasure to learn from people.
Everyone can message me, except yung mga nabitin sa comprehension at self-awareness. Send me a message bakit yun yung goals mo and anong mechanism/s mo in achieving those! :)
submitted by ConsequenceAlone9480 to PhR4Friends [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 TheDailyNick PAW Patrol: Nickelodeon to Premiere New 'Rescue Knights' Special on Feb. 4

PAW Patrol: Nickelodeon to Premiere New 'Rescue Knights' Special on Feb. 4 submitted by TheDailyNick to NickBits [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 DetailResponsible420 I thought I was Moving to the Friggin' Desert

I thought I was moving to the friggin' desert. You know, dry, sand, vultures, scorpions, etc.
The irony of life is that my home won't stop flooding.
It's a condo, four units on the ground level, four units on the second floor. I'm a big enough idiot to be living on the ground floor.
Since November 2020 to JUST NOW it's been flooded by the neighbor's plumbing 3-4 times depending on how you look at it.
I haven't even been using my master bathroom since then. I'm so glad I had 2 when I started.
No real point other than that. I hate water. Ok, back to cleaning up.
submitted by DetailResponsible420 to rant [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 labor-attorney Labor Case: Unfair Dismissal and an Order for Financial Compensation

https://preview.redd.it/76jqxbn0j5d81.jpg?width=3024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=975228363319f152a469e2175ba74a35d32fc37a
Labor Case: Unfair Dismissal and an Order for Financial Compensation[1]
Bongsoo Jung / KangNam labor Law Firm
I. Summary
This dismissal case concerns a TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of other Languages) Institute (hereinafter referred to as “the Employer”) and an American native-speaking English teacher (hereinafter referred to as “the Employee”) they hired. The TESOL Institute made two employment contracts: one was a three-week temporary contract prior to her receiving an E-2 visa, and the other was a one year contract. She completed the three-week contract, but after evaluating her teaching, the Employer concluded the Employee was not a suitable TESOL teacher, and dismissed her before the one-year employment contract began. However, the Employer claimed that he did not dismiss the Employee, but she resigned after mutual agreement. As the Employer did not implement the procedures required for dismissal in terminating the employment, if she was dismissed, this was definitely unfair dismissal. Accordingly, the major question in this case was whether the Employee was dismissed or she agreed to resign.
The details of this case are as follows:
1) The Employer, which specializes in TESOL, has a head office in Seoul and operates a branch in Busan. As one teacher at the Busan branch resigned suddenly, the Employer decided to invite the Employee to work as a temporary teacher before getting her an E-2 visa (which requires a regular employment contract) so the Employer could fill the vacant position.
2) On August 6, 2009, the Employee signed two employment contracts with the Employer: one a temporary employment contract and the other a one year employment contract (Sep 5, 2009 to Sep 4, 2010).
3) The Employee was assigned to the Busan branch after six days’ training in TESOL at the head office in Seoul.
4) The Employee completed her three week temporary employment contract on August 28, and the Employer told her to come to the Seoul office before she entered into the E-2 visa issuance procedures.
5) On September 2, 2009, the Employer met the Employee and told her that she was better-suited as an English conversation teacher rather than a TESOL teacher and asked a recruiter to find a position for her. The Employee made a phone call and asked for help from a lawyer whom she knew through a friend. The lawyer called the Employer and persuaded him to let her stay in Employee housing for one more month. After this call, the Employer and the Employee signed an agreement as to salary for the temporary contract period, and permission for her to stay an additional month in Employee housing.
6) On November 24, 2009, the Employee applied to the Labor Commission for remedy for unfair dismissal, but the Labor Commission held a hearing and rejected the application on January 18, 2010, judging that the agreement for wage settlement and permission to stay an additional month in Employee housing was effectively agreement that she had resigned.
7) On February 10, 2010, the Employee appealed the Labor Commission’s decision. Additionally, she included in her appeal a request for financial compensation rather than reinstatement as she had already signed a new employment contract with a high school and had begun working on November 9, 2009.
8) On April 22, 2010, the National Labor Relations Commission held a judgment hearing and overruled the Labor Commission’s decision, judging that the agreement between the Employer and the Employee was only on settlement of wages and should not be interpreted as a voluntary resignation.
II. Reasons for the Decision of the Seoul Labor Commission
The Seoul Labor Commission rejected the Employee’s application for remedy for unfair dismissal for the following reasons:
“On September 2, 2009, the Employer called a meeting with the Employee, informing her that TESOL teaching was not suitable for her and that she would be able to find a position as an English conversation teacher through a recruiter. In response, 1) the Employee asked for help from a lawyer that she came to know through a friend, so that she could continue to stay in Employee housing. 2) After a telephone conversation with the lawyer, the Employer signed an agreement that contained an adjustment of salary accrued during her temporary work in Busan and two days’ expenses at a hotel, as well as permission to stay one more month in Employee housing. The Employee signed as well. 3) After this, the Employer paid the adjusted salary to the Employee and allowed the Employee to stay in Employee housing another month. During this period, she neither came to work nor complained about termination of her employment contract. 4) The Employee had already gotten a job at another workplace before filing the application for remedy. In consideration of all these facts, it seems that both parties agreed to terminate the employment contract before the contract started, and so we find it hard to agree that the Employer dismissed the Employee.”
III. Appeal to the National Labor Relations Commission
The Employee appealed to the National Labor Relations Commission, stating that she had been dismissed unilaterally and had never agreed to resign. The Employee claimed the following, stating that the Labor Commission’s decision was unfair because it had been made without enough investigation of the facts.
1) When informed of her dismissal by the Employer on September 2, 2009, the Employee had not received any payment for her temporary employment, and was also suddenly without any housing. Under such unexpected conditions, the Employee called a lawyer, whom she came to know through a friend, to ask for some help. At this request, the lawyer felt so bad about the Employee’s situation that, although there was no legal relation between them, he called the Employer. The lawyer was not playing any role as a legal representative for the Employee, but simply asked the Employer to allow the Employee to stay in Employee housing for one more month, free of charge.
2) The agreement that the Employee signed at the place where she had been notified of her dismissal on September 2, 2009, does not contain any information about the Employee’s status, but only about a salary adjustment for actual work done. The Employer paid her salary and allowed the Employee to stay one more month in Employee housing since she was a foreigner and would be homeless without such permission. However, this cannot be regarded as evidence of an agreement to resign.
3) The reasons why the Employee did not challenge the dismissal when she was informed of it was due to her ignorance of remedy procedures according to labor law and having no money to hire a legal representative. The Employee came to understand the procedures for remedy for unfair dismissal through consultation at the Seoul Global Center, and right after she had some money for legal fees, she filed for remedy.
4) The Employee came to Korea to earn money by working as a native English teacher. It is not true that she could not apply for remedy because she had gotten a new job at another school. The reasons why the Employee got a new job were to pay for basic living expenses and save money for legal retainer to file an application for remedy for unfair dismissal.
IV. Judgment of Review Case and Order for Financial Compensation
1. Decision of the National Labor Relations Commission (April 22, 2010)
The NLR Commission confirmed that the agreement the Employer made at the time he dismissed the Employee was only an agreement to pay her salary, and not an agreement by the Employee to resign. Accordingly, the Commission ruled that this was an unfair dismissal as the Employer did not comply with necessary procedures for dismissal (i.e., written notification). As the Employee requested financial compensation instead of reinstatement, financial compensation was determined as the following:
2. Order for Financial Compensation
- Basic data 1) Date of dismissal: Sep 2, 2009; 2) Starting date of regular employment: Sep 5, 2009; 3) Reemployment: Nov 9, 2009; 4) Decision on the review case: Apr 22, 2010; 5) Salary: 2,500,000 won; 6) Salary at new workplace: 2,300,000; 7) Daily average wage: 96,000 won = 1,440,000 won / 15 days (actual amount paid divided by number of days for that pay period)
- Financial Compensation [1)+2)]: 17,509,040 won
1) Period of Unemployment (Sep 5 ~ Nov 8): 5,328,940 won, equivalent to salary
(5,000,000 won for two months: Sep 5 ~ Nov 4) + 328,940 [4 days (Nov 5 ~ Nov 8) x 2,500,000 / 30.4 days)
2) Period of Reemployment (Nov 9, 2009 ~ Apr 22, 2010): ‘The equivalent to salary’ minus ‘intermediate income’ exceeding suspension allowance: 12,180,100 won
- The equivalent to salary: 13,651,310 = 12,500,000 (2,500,000 x 5 months) + 1,151,310 (2,500,000 / 30.4 days x 14 days)
- Intermediate income: 12,559,210 = 11,500,000 (2,300,000 x 5 months) + 1,059,210 (2,500,000 / 30.4 days x 14 days)
- Intermediate income exceeding suspension allowance: 1,471,210 = 96,000 (daily average wage) x 165 days (2009.11.9 ~ 2010.4.22) x 70%
3. Relevant Regulation for Financial Compensation (For reference: Judgment Work Guides: NLRC)
A. Applicant: Only an employee or his/her legal agent can apply for financial compensation.
B. Application Period: An employee who intends to apply for financial compensation must apply between the date of application for remedy and the date on which notification for judgment hearing is received.
C. Application Requirements: An employee wishing financial compensation instead of reinstatement shall submit an “application for financial compensation” to the Labor Relations Commission. In this application, the employee shall stipulate the amount of desired compensation, and method and details of calculation. Reference data, such as the employment contract, pay slip(s), etc., shall also be attached.
D. Calculation of Compensation (1) The compensation period shall be from the date of dismissal to the date of judgment on the case, and the amount shall include equivalent salary. “Equivalent salary” means the amount that the employee would have likely received if he/she had been able to work normally during the time between dismissal and judgment on the case.
(2) Compensation shall be the amount of money the employee would likely have received if he/she had been able to work normally between the period of during the date of dismissal and the date of the Commission’s judgment, including expenses etc., caused by dismissal. The judgment committee shall determine the amount by considering collectively the degree of the unfair dismissal, the degree of employee fault, the employee’s intermediate income accrued from the date of dismissal to the date of judgment, and the type of employment contract.
[1] Mr. Jung was the legal attorney for this case at the National Labor Relations Commission from Feb 2010 to Apr 2010. (NLRC 2010 Buhae 122)
submitted by labor-attorney to Korean_Law [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 jhaynes01 H: Qffr90 Submachine Gun W: Caps offers

H: Qffr90 Submachine Gun W: Caps offers submitted by jhaynes01 to Market76 [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 GuidanceTiny8153 BIS lock 6.3 gs

WTS BiS Lock pvp with HC WEP/TRINKETS/RING , SICK MOUNTS AND XMOG, 50K HKS, CAN REMOVE SOME EASY WF OFFPARTS! ONLY 200 COINS , VIA SITE Char name: Ayee, Discord: Ayepro#3353
submitted by GuidanceTiny8153 to warmane [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 Elpolloblanco Setting up UnPackerr with Sonarr/Radarr on Windows 10

So I've got unpacker installed, and I'm assuming I'm editing the config right by using notepad to make changes, but it's not working. I've Copied and pasted the config text if someone smarter than me could look at it, I'd appreciate it. Client saves files to a 2tb HDD then Sonarr and Radarr move them to my NAS. the save folder is "D:/qbit" but I'm following the logic from the folders explanation at the bottom that it needs "//" I've also copied over my API's from Sonarr and Radarr. I don't use any other Arr services. I also have several things that need to be unpacked if there is a way to make it check manually that would help. Thanks


## Unpackerr Example Configuration File ##
## The following values are application defaults. ##
## Environment Variables may override all values. ##
####################################################

# [true/false] Turn on debug messages in the output. Do not wrap this in quotes.
# Recommend trying this so you know what it looks like. I personally leave it on.
debug = false

# Disable writing messages to stdout. This silences the app. You should set a log
# file below if you set this to true.
quiet = false

# Write messages to a log file. This is the same data that is normally output to stdout.
# This setting is great for Docker users that want to export their logs to a file.
# The alternative is to use syslog to log the output of the application to a file.
# Default is no log file; this is unset. log_files=0 turns off auto-rotation.
# Default files is 10 and size(mb) is 10 Megabytes; both doubled if debug is true.
# Windows paths must use two backslashes: "C:\\Some\\Path\\Unpacker.log" (true everywhere).
#log_file = "/downloads/unpackerr.log"
log_files = 10
log_file_mb = 10

# How often to poll sonarr and radarr.
# Recommend 1m-5m. Uses Go Duration.
interval = "2m"

# How long an item must be queued (download complete) before extraction will start.
# One minute is the historic default and works well. Set higher if your downloads
# take longer to finalize (or transfer locally). Uses Go Duration.
start_delay = "1m"

# How long to wait before removing the history for a failed extraction.
# Once the history is deleted the item will be recognized as new and
# extraction will start again. Uses Go Duration.
retry_delay = "5m"

# How many files may be extracted in parallel. 1 works fine.
# Do not wrap the number in quotes. Raise this only if you have fast disks and CPU.
parallel = 1

# Use these configurations to control the file modes used for newly extracted
# files and folders. Recommend 0644/0755 or 0666/0777.
file_mode = "0644"
dir_mode = "0755"

##-Notes-#######################################################################
## The following sections can be repeated if you have more than one Sonarr, ##
## Radarr or Lidarr, Readarr, Folder or Webhook. ##
## You must uncomment the [[header]] and api_key at a minimum for Starr apps. ##
################################################################################

################
### Webhooks ###
################
# Sends a webhook when an extraction queues, starts, finishes, and is deleted.
# Created to integrate with notifiarr.com.
# Also works natively with Discord.com, Telegram.org, and Slack.com webhooks.
# Can possibly be used with other services by providing a custom template_path.
###### Don't forget to uncomment [[webhook]] and url at a minimum !!!!
#[[webhook]]
# url = "https://notifiarr.com/notifier.php?integration=unpackerr&api=api_key_from_notifiarr_com"
# name = "" # Set this to hide the URL in logs.
# silent = false # do not log success (less log spam)
# events = [0] # list of event ids to include, 0 == all.
## Advanced Optional Webhook Configuration
# nickname = "" # Used in Discord and Slack templates as bot name, in Telegram as chat_id.
# channel = "" # Also passed into templates. Used in Slack templates for destination channel.
# exclude = [] # list of apps to exclude, ie. ["radarr", "lidarr"]
# template_path = "" # Override internal webhook template for discord.com or other hooks.
# ignore_ssl = false # Set this to true to ignore the SSL certificate on the server.
# timeout = "10s" # You can adjust how long to wait for a server response.
# content_type = "application/json" # If your custom template uses another MIME type, set this.

################
### Episodes ###
################
#[[sonarr]]
# url = "http://localhost:8989/"
# api_key = "My API Key Copied and Pasted from Sonarr General"
## File system path where downloaded Sonarr items are located.
# paths = ["D:\\Qbit"]
## Default protocols is torrent. Alternative: "torrent,usenet"
# protocols = "torrent"
## How long to wait for a reply from the backend.
# timeout = "10s"
## How long ago a file must have been imported before deletion. The file must
## also not be part of an active queue item. Set this to "1m" to make sure files
## are deleted quickly after being imported. Recommend "5m". Uses Go Duration.
## Setting this to any negative number `-1` disables deleting extracted files.
# delete_delay = "5m"
## If you use this app with NZB you may wish to delete archives after extraction.
## General recommendation is: do not enable this for torrent use.
## Setting this to true deletes the entire original download folder after import.
# delete_orig = false

################
#### Movies ####
################
#[[radarr]]
# url = "http://localhost:7878/"
# api_key = "My API Key Copied and Pasted from Radarr General"
## File system path where downloaded Radarr items are located.
# paths = ["D:\\Qbit"]
## Default protocols is torrents. Alternative: "torrent,usenet"
# protocols = "torrent"
## How long to wait for a reply from the backend.
# timeout = "10s"
## How long ago a file must have been imported before deletion. The file must
## also not be part of an active queue item. Set this to "1m" to make sure files
## are deleted quickly after being imported. Recommend "5m". Uses Go Duration.
## Setting this to any negative number `-1` disables deleting extracted files.
# delete_delay = "5m"
## If you use this app with NZB you may wish to delete archives after extraction.
## General recommendation is: do not enable this for torrent use.
## Setting this to true deletes the entire original download folder after import.
# delete_orig = false

################
#### Albums ####
################
#[[lidarr]]
# url = "http://127.0.0.1:8686"
# api_key = "0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef"
## File system path where downloaded Lidarr items are located.
# paths = ["/downloads"]
## Default protocols is torrent. Alternative: "torrent,usenet"
# protocols = "torrent"
## How long to wait for a reply from the backend.
# timeout = "10s"
## How long ago a file must have been imported before deletion. The file must
## also not be part of an active queue item. Set this to "1m" to make sure files
## are deleted quickly after being imported. Recommend "5m". Uses Go Duration.
## Setting this to any negative number `-1` disables deleting extracted files.
# delete_delay = "5m"
## If you use this app with NZB you may wish to delete archives after extraction.
## General recommendation is: do not enable this for torrent use.
## Setting this to true deletes the entire original download folder after import.
# delete_orig = false

################
# Publications #
################
#[[readarr]]
# url = "http://127.0.0.1:8787"
# api_key = "0123456789abcdef0123456789abc"
## File system path where downloaded Readarr items are located.
# paths = ["/downloads"]
## Default protocols is torrent. Alternative: "torrent,usenet"
# protocols = "torrent"
## How long to wait for a reply from the backend.
# timeout = "10s"
## How long ago a file must have been imported before deletion. The file must
## also not be part of an active queue item. Set this to "1m" to make sure files
## are deleted quickly after being imported. Recommend "5m". Uses Go Duration.
## Setting this to any negative number `-1` disables deleting extracted files.
# delete_delay = "5m"
## If you use this app with NZB you may wish to delete archives after extraction.
## General recommendation is: do not enable this for torrent use.
## Setting this to true deletes the entire original download folder after import.
# delete_orig = false

##-Folders-#######################################################################
## This application can also watch folders for things to extract. If you copy a ##
## subfolder into a watched folder (defined below) any extractable items in the ##
## folder will be decompressed. This has nothing to do with Starr applications. ##
##################################################################################
#[[folder]]
## Windows paths must use two backslashes: "C:\\Some\\Folder\\To\\Watch"
# path = "/some/foldeto/watch"
## Path to extract files to. The default (leaving this blank) is the same as `path` (above).
# extract_path = ""
## Delete extracted or original files this long after extraction. Set to 0 to disable all deletes. Uses Go Duration.
# delete_after = "10m"
## Delete extracted files after successful extraction? true/false, no quotes. Honors delete_after.
# delete_files = false
## Delete original items after successful extraction? true/false, no quotes. Honors delete_after.
# delete_original = false
## Move extracted files into original folder? If false, files go into an _unpackerred folder.
# move_back = false
submitted by Elpolloblanco to sonarr [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 HOMES734 Saw this and instantly thought of A2s own favorite little spot. You're lucky if they're open but when they are it's so worth it!

submitted by HOMES734 to AnnArbor [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 Historian-Constant I feel like my 2021 S60 momentum T5 consuming gas more than it should? Can someone compare please

I feel like my 2021 S60 momentum T5 consuming gas more than it should? Can someone compare please submitted by Historian-Constant to Volvo [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 exit143 Old iPhone died. I need the data recovered

Hey everyone,
My wife's phone died. It wouldn't power on. I took it to a repair shop who said it's dead... like... dead dead. She backed up the phone on a computer that got stolen. She's been using a loaner computer from her work and she's not allowed to put personal stuff on it. Long story short... well... long story long, while waiting for her computer, her phone died. Every photo she has ever taken of our son is on that phone. It is insanely important to her that the data gets recovered. Is there anything we can do?
submitted by exit143 to datarecovery [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 Clean-Rutabaga-1533 BR Garlic Breath 2.0 sneak peak. 25.7% Packaged on 1/12/22 🔥🔥🔥

BR Garlic Breath 2.0 sneak peak. 25.7% Packaged on 1/12/22 🔥🔥🔥 submitted by Clean-Rutabaga-1533 to OhioMarijuana [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 mjallain [FRESH VIDEO] Evil Tongues - Fine

[FRESH VIDEO] Evil Tongues - Fine submitted by mjallain to indieheads [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 XxSpaceGnomexx Age of Sigmar Codex????

Are there no army Codex books for Age of Sigmar ? If all the rules I need are in the core rule book then I'm going to buy into this game.
submitted by XxSpaceGnomexx to ageofsigmar [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 chaff57 Is there a css code that will make my logo stay true? Meaning it will always appear on the top header, top left even when resizing?

I'm using elementor combined with astra theme.
It's working out okay but on any web browser, my site logo which is on the top left of the header disappears. It will only appear if the browser is resized, it appears okay with other smaller devices.
I tried fixing the site's css but can't get to find a solution
I like that I can always show my site's page title
position:absolute; left:0; top:0;
But I want it to perform inside the top header for the logo, is there a simple fix?
submitted by chaff57 to css [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 gahfoor223 New MINTED MOTH on SolSea

New MINTED MOTH on SolSea submitted by gahfoor223 to SolanaNFT [link] [comments]


2022.01.21 23:37 rdef1984 A reading list of other critical theory

I've put together a reading list of sorts for critical theory that tries to expand perspectives into critical theory from women, from people of colour, and from Indigenous perspectives. I'm white, I'm a man, I write from the land of the Wurundjeri People in Naarm and I come from Aotearoa, and thus my perspectives are influenced by scholarship from these regions. Equally, my scholarship focuses me towards particular areas and ideas, and my personal interests are probably visible below. I would not consider myself an authority on these works, but I do try to learn from them. Feel free to add comments of scholars that you think could be added.
This list is motivated by two things:
- A request for suggestions in response to my comment here.
- A sense that one 'must read' a limited number of white men before reading scholars of different backgrounds, as if white men are the source, and non-white people are simply responding to these ideas as if they were central. Fisher's Vampire Castle essay, for instance, often circulates in this forum. The same observations about the limits of identity within politics and the academy were already present in the works of Gilroy, Crenshaw, Fanon, and Said. Most of the scholars below require no substantive engagement with an existing canon. Maybe Siraj Ahmed, Gayatri Spivak, or Elizabeth Povinelli; Ahmed's take is very much about literary postcolonial scholarship, in which case reading Edward Said would be a help; Spivak's work interfaces deeply with continental philosophy; Povinelli's work is reliant on Foucault and the theorisation of power that he uses.
That said, the items below is not a 'must read' or anything in order to understand critical theory, nor is it a new canon, nor is it a suggestion that one shouldn't read scholarship by white men (but, by all means…). These are merely further suggestions. It is an attempt to start the circulation of other works. Most of them (but not all) do not require you to have read any of the canon, as, like the canon, their ideas emerge from analysis of the present.
Critical theory was originally a discipline set up by a number of men, most of whom were Jewish and had survived the Shoah, but some, such as Benjamin, had not. Others came later, and added their own perspectives too. While the Shoah was in the background to many of these stories, the question in many cases was the political system that allowed this to happen. Merging capitalism with psychoanalysis was a way of trying to account for the people's behaviour, willingness, and exploitation, among many other things. Today, critical theory is larger, broader, richer. We deal with the internet, conspiracies, imperialism, disease, racism, a dismantling of the international order that was supposed to prevent world wars, a collapse of treaties, nationalism replacing liberalism, a series of successive wars in many nations, and a continued immiseration of the proletariat. This is a proletariat that, as many scholars and labour agitators have noted, is overwhelmingly not white. Much of this is a repetition of the 20th Century, if not elements of the 19th. Our theories have become the stuff of boogey-men for the centre and the right – Critical Race Theory, the Frankfurt School, gender theory – a double trap of attention and rejection.
What has changed due to the agitation and activism of people who absorbed or critiqued critical theory was a greater respect for other movements; Indigenous scholarship, Feminist scholarship, the scholarship that accounts for necropolitics and Western imperialism allowing us to connect and make sense of things. We now have words to describe relationships that we could see but not understand. So much of what will help us is the stuff that takes critical theory to new places, new ideas, and especially if it allows us to understand the other perspective. As Luxembourg notes, we cannot use our own perspective of the economy to understand the economy as a whole. I think the same is true for all aspects of society and politics, and hopefully the list below is something to start with. As with all critical political scholarship it is the work of struggle and people who struggle. It condenses life experiences into a language that can struggle to contain the ideas, and struggle can exceed the ability of words to contain them. Like all critical scholarship, there is more than what is on the page, and each work may need the context of place, time, and history to make sense of it all.
Any list of such scholarship is caught between the fact that it excludes many because it is in English, and also that it combines multiple radically different and at times opposing perspectives into a single list. I would also not want to assume that the people below would necessarily want to be categorised alongside critical theorists, such as Malcolm X, yet I think the works at least speaks to critical theory as a discipline. The list 'otherises' in this sense, but hopefully it is a step towards something more positive, and others can add suggestions. The method for creating the list involved simply sorting my Zotero library by author, and pulling out an appropriate surname for each letter. Because of this, the names in my library under O and U are too discipline-specific to be a part of a general reading list. Of what is below, some are articles, some are books, but all have links.
Finally, it may be controversial to say, but many of the 'big names' circulated in this forum are dead. Fisher, Deleuze, Debord, Guattari, Baudrillard, are all dead and do not benefit from sales of their work. Yet many of the people below are living and have not sold theory books into the hundreds of thousands, if not millions, as some of the canon has; do consider buying the books of living authors if you are in a position to do so.

A is for Siraj Ahmed
- Archaeology of Babel
- https://www.sup.org/books/title/?id=22867
- Offers such a wonderful set of criticisms of literary theories of postcolonial scholarship and language. Really recommended for any work on languages, orientalism, or postcolonial texts.

B is for Sarah Banet-Weiser
- Authentic ™
- https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.18574/9780814739372/html
- A really good work on the challenges of authenticity and feminism under capitalism. Poses a bunch of good questions about political agency and identity in terms of capitalism.

C is for Kimberlé Crenshaw
- Mapping the Margins
- https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/stflr43&div=52&g_sent=1&casa_token=oj1jZmiMgbkAAAAA:W7ZIR2EsaTLfJNqs-qJT0qn-_RFALsRurYeQj6bWjUx5Q9tp4SQMkdEBRU_Lg2jHL0YC4HjZ&collection=journals
- Notes: I think this work is very commonly referred to in discussions, but few actually read it. It's the first focal point for understanding intersectionality and the start of critical race theory, both of which are often misunderstood both in civil society and academia.

D is for Jessie Daniels
- Cyber-Racism
- https://rowman.com/ISBN/9780742561588/Cyber-Racism-White-Supremacy-Online-and-the-New-Attack-on-Civil-Rights
- One of the earlier texts to account for how white nationalism/supremacy/fascism accommodated to Web 2.0 tech.

E is for Arturo Escobar
- Encountering Development: the making and unmaking of the Third World
- https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9781400839926/pdf
- Uses a historical, discursive, and economic analysis of the idea of economic donation/financing/development as a means for solving the problems of capitalism. Identifies a capitalist habit of collapsing of non-capitalist nations into common categories, and then treating these groups as if their issues of famine, unemployment, disastrous labour laws, etc, were a product of non-capitalist cultures, as opposed to being a direct product of capitalism. Does a lot to note the contradictions and diversity of economic experience within the category of 'third world'.

F is for Leopoldina Fortunati
- The Arcane of Reproduction
- https://libcom.org/files/Leopoldina%20Fortunati%20-%20The%20Arcane%20of%20Reproduction%20-%20Housework,%20Prostitution,%20Labor,%20and%20Capital.pdf
- Key scholar of reproductive labour, advances Marx's theories really effectively. Is pretty central to our current understanding of reproductive labour.

G is for Paul Gilroy
- Against Race
- https://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674006690
- Maps out how white supremacist/fascistic European political movements make use of race as a concept, and observes how these patterns recur in non-fascistic systems.

H is for Helen Hester
- Xenofeminism
- https://www.wiley.com/en-au/Xenofeminism-p-9781509520626
- Advances the theorisation of the feminist cyborg figure that is strongly aligned with an anti-naturalist perspective. Takes its name from some of the Laboria Cuboniks group that Hester is a member of. Has been critiqued by some as being a particularly white perspective on what it means to be a different kind of woman.

I is for Lilly Irani
- The Cultural Work of Microwork
- https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1461444813511926
- Critiques the Amazon Mechanical Turk, and with it, aggregative crowdsourced forms of labour.

J is for Selma James
- The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community
- https://libcom.org/library/power-women-subversion-community-della-costa-selma-james
- Italian Feminist like Fortunati. Joins with Mariarosa Dalla Costa to write the linked piece, which contextualises women's participation in resistance, vis the Anno Piombi in the 70s

K is for Julia Kristeva
- Approaching Abjection
- https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/43973647.pdf?casa_token=9TPlCTcRwy8AAAAA:CZrlT1qvUr0Xe7LovKk-kHDdP_79xLBfwYOX9iK5OS31DzgUZWB4Tzo4f2-Ientq-_iYX5q4mAJU5YSZXsirSjpPrt7km8NPZ_GNNDh8ofRhrs79Wbk
- A shorter introduction to her work on abjection and affect.

L is for Marcia Langton
- Trapped in the Aboriginal Reality TV Show
- https://search.informit.org/doi/pdf/10.3316/informit.301663100094144?casa_token=Rp6MUZnYto0AAAAA%3AD2F5McOK0s5VKX_H2E1MYHqcpqD7l-gSrAgnicB7nGLYHu7jcZylEt2ig7z5CrCGqalfG3Wg3GEUyQ
- Contextualises the mediation of Aboriginal/Indigenous lives through television and the near-ritualised colonial presentation of Aboriginal/Indigenous as limited and valueless, with no space for alternative stories from Aboriginal/Indigenous people.

M is for Aileen Morton-Robinson
- Talkin'up to the white woman: Indigenous women and feminism
- https://www.uqp.com.au/books/talkin-up-to-the-white-woman-indigenous-women-and-feminism-20th-anniversary-edition
- Account of how feminist activism in Australia has struggled in terms of tensions between white and Indigenous feminisms, and how Indigenous representation in feminist movements suffers as a result.

N is for Helga Nowotny
- Time and Social Theory
- http://wendynorris.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Nowotny-1992-Time-and-Social-Theory-Towards-a-Social-Theory-of-Time-.pdf
- Notes the gendered relationship to time under capitalism, and accounts for the idea of the uchronia (the state of having enough time for everything) as a leading myth of capitalism.

O is unaccounted for

P is for Elizabeth Povinelli
- Geontologies: https://www.dukeupress.edu/geontologies
- An excerpt: https://www.e-flux.com/journal/78/81514/geontologies-the-figures-and-the-tactics/
- Traces a model of a spatial power adjacent to the other forms mapped out by Foucault, and theorises this using Indigenous storytelling methods.

Q is unaccounted for

R is for Janice Richardson
- Law and the Philosophy of Privacy
- https://www.routledge.com/Law-and-the-Philosophy-of-Privacy/Richardson/p/book/9781138081116
- Makes a compelling argument that the concept of privacy today is 'propertied' as a sense of a commodity, and that breaches of privacy are seen as the theft of something owned. Instead suggests that breaches of privacy be rethought as a violation or loss instead.

S is for Gayatri Spivak
- Can the Subaltern Speak? http://abahlali.org/files/Can_the_subaltern_speak.pdf
- NB: There are multiple versions of this.
- Uses Foucault and Derrida to observe that, for the subaltern, the limits of their ability to speak into either the academy or into public life generally is limited (if not made impossible) by the fact that self-appointed representative tend to speak on their behalf.

T is for Linda Tuhiwai Smith
- Decolonizing Research Methods
- https://www.bloomsbury.com/au/decolonizing-methodologies-9781786998132/
- Describes the limits and problems with European research methods in terms of how they fail to capture Indigenous life, and proposes a set of contexts where Indigenous struggle can find purchase within colonial capitalism.

U is unaccounted for

V is for Cornelia Vismann
- Cultural Techniques and Sovereignty
- http://www.composingdigitalmedia.org/f15_mca/mca_reads/Theory%20Culture%20Society-2013-Vismann-83-93.pdf
- Makes a claim for a tension between what technology (in her emphasis, 'media') can do and the challenges of controlling how people use technology for sovereign powers. More interested in thinking about the possibility of technique than assessing sovereignty.

W is for Kathi Weeks
- Life within and against work
- http://www.ephemerajournal.org/sites/default/files/7-1weeks.pdf
- She's being taken up by antiwork, which is so great to see. Weeks' stuff accounts for the distinction between work and labour, and articulates how work immiserates the worker in the context of affective labour.

X is for Malcolm X
- The Ballot or the Bullet
- https://genius.com/Malcolm-x-the-ballot-or-the-bullet-annotated
- At its core it is an accounting of struggle for the rights for black people, and a framing of the solution through armed struggle in the face of reformist failures.

Y is for K. Wayne Yang
- Decolonization is not a metaphor
- https://clas.osu.edu/sites/clas.osu.edu/files/Tuck%20and%20Yang%202012%20Decolonization%20is%20not%20a%20metaphor.pdf
- Written with Eve Tuck, effectively argues that academic resistance to colonisation is often partial and limited to performative/semiotic resistance, rather than doing anything structural or even practical.

Z is for Alenka Zupančič
- What is Sex?
- https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/what-sex
- Psychoanalytic reading on how sex is understood, that neatly undermines the distinction between sex as noun and verb. I'm a poor interlocutor for the argument, but effectively she suggests we don't and can't know what 'sex' is in some ontologically pure system of categorisation of beings, and instead leaves us with a bunch of inconsistent proxy terms.

Finally:
I have some names below that came up as I went, but are double-ups. I've prioritised the lesser-known scholars in the cases where there is overlap.

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